Connecticut's Least Wanted
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Posted by Brendan on September 18, 2015


DEER MOUSE DISTINCTION: Peromyscus Maniculatus is a small rodent with an almost ubiquitous distribution in North America. Deer mice vary in size, color, and weight. Its body ranges 2.8"-3.9", its tail ranges 2.0"- 5.1", and its body weight ranges 0.6oz-1.2oz. Their color can range from grayish to reddish brown, with the body being dark on top and white beneath giving rise to its common name as a reference to a deer.

DEER MOUSE HABITAT: The deer mouse has a wide range of habitat types including deserts, prairies, and forests. They will nest in burrows dug in the ground, tree stumps and rotting logs, and also known to nest in buildings. Feeding on nuts, seeds, and even insects, the deer mouse will store their food for leaner times since this rodent is active all winter long.

DEER MOUSE HAZARD: The deer mouse is considered pests when they inhabit a home, because they will raid stored food, and destroy fabrics to use the threads to build their nests. As they raid the food areas they will leave trails of urine and feces everywhere they forage, including food preparation, and food storage areas. Over exposure to their feces and urine may result in developing a potentially deadly disease known as Hantavirus.


HOUSE MOUSE DISTINCTION: Mus Musculus live mostly in association with humans, in almost any type of climate. Body length ranges 3.0"-3.9", its tail ranges 2.0"-3.9", with a body weight typically 0.4oz-1.0oz. The house mouse varies in color from light to dark brown, with short hairs.

HOUSE MOUSE HABITAT: House mice are nocturnal feeders, usually occurring thirty minutes before sunset, and before sunrise. They eat cereal grains, meats, seeds, and if necessary for nutrients their own feces. The house mouse only needs an opening of 1/4" to enter a dwelling, and will typically nest in cluttered corners and underneath appliances.

HOUSE MOUSE HAZARD: Like the deer mouse, the house mouse will also raid and contaminate food storage and preparation areas with its urine and feces resulting in possible development of the Hantavirus. The house mouse also carries ticks, lice, as well as Salmonella Pathogens in their digestive track. About 44% of house mice carry Lymphocytic Chorlomeningitis, a rodent-borne virus which is transmittable to humans.


NORWAY RAT DISTINCTION:  Rattus Norvegicus is the most common rodent in U.S. cities. Norway rats are also known as the house rat, brown rat, wharf rat, sewer rat, water rat, and gray rat. First introduced into the United States by European settlers and trading ships about 1775. The Norway rat has a stocky body. Their fur is course, shaggy, brown with scattered black hairs, with underside gray to yellowish white, with scaly, semi-naked tails that are shorter than their bodies. With muzzle blunt, eyes small, ears small and densely covered with short hairs. Weighs about 7oz-18oz, with a combined head and body length 7.0"-9.5”.

 NORWAY RAT HABITAT: Norway rats usually construct nest in below-ground burrows or at ground level. Nest may be lined with shredded paper, cloth, or other fibrous material. They have the physical capabilities that enable them to gain entry to structures by gnawing, climbing, jumping, swimming and other tactics. Norway rats will travel about 100-150 feet from their harborage for food and/or water, and seldom travel farther than 300 feet, in urban areas the average home range is about 25-100 feet.

NORWAY RAT HAZARDS: Similar to other rodents, brown rats may carry a number of pathogens, which can result in disease, including Weil's disease, rat bite fever, cryptosporidiosis, viral hemorrhagic fever, and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. This species can also serve as a reservoir for Toxoplasma gondii, the parasite that causes toxoplasmosis, though the disease usually spreads from rats to humans when domestic cats feed on infected brown rats.

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